CHRONOLOGY OF ACHIEVEMENTS OF WOMEN OF COLOR IN HEALTH AND MEDICINE
Susan Maria Smith, MD
1847-1918First African-American woman doctor in New York State.
Susie King Taylor
1848-1912First African-American U.S. Army nurse during the Civil War.
Susan La Flesche Picotte, MD
1865-1915First Native American woman physician.
Mary Mahoney (1845 - 1926)
1879First African-American woman to study and work as professionally trained nurse graduating from the New England Hospital for Women and Children (Now Dimock Community Health Center), Boston.
Jane C. Wright, MD
1938African-American woman appointed Associate Dean and professor of surgery at New York Medical College - the position as a dean at that time was the highest post ever attained by an African-American woman in medical administration.
Annie Dodge Wauneka (1910 - 1997)
1951Native American, tribal leader of the Navajo Nation and public health activist, Wauneka gained election in 1951 to the Tribal Council, the second Native American woman ever so elected.
1963First Native American to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Dr. Geraldine Pittman Woods
1964First African American woman appointed to the National Advisory General Medical Services Council.
Dr. Lauranne Sams
1971African American woman - founder and first president of the National Black Nurses Association.
Marian Wright Edelman, JD
1973First African American woman founder of the Children's Defense Fund- the nation's strongest advocacy group for children.
Lydia Villa-Komaroff, PhD
1973Native American woman and founding member of the Society for the Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science (SACNAS).
2001Native American, Vice President for Research, Northwestern University Medical School.
Ildaura Murillo-Rohde, PhD, RN, ND, FAAN
1975-1980First Latina and Founder of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses.
Jeanne C. Sinkford, DMD
1975-1991First female and first African American woman Dean of Howard University College of Dentistry.
2002African American, Currently American Association of Dental Schools (AADS) Associate Executive Director and Director, Division of Equity and Diversity.
1978-1992First African-American woman and the youngest president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.
Johanna Clevenger, MD
1982-1983First Native American woman President of Association of American Indian Physicians.
Henrietta Villaescusa, RN, FAAN
1984-1988Past President of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses.
Lori Arviso Alvord, MD
1985First Navajo woman surgeon and Associate Dean for Student and Minority Affairs at Dartmouth Medical School and Assistant Professor of Surgery.
Jane Delgado, PhD
1985Latina, President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Alliance for Hispanic Health (formerly National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations.
1985First Native American woman Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation.
Dr. Edith Irby Jones
1985-1986First African American woman President of National Medial Association (NMA).
Audrey Borbes Manley, MD, MPH
1987First African American woman appointed Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health.
Debora Stith- Prothrow, MD
1987-1989First female, first African American and youngest-ever Commissioner of Public Health for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
1987-2002Asian American, CEO, Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum.
2002First Asian American woman President and CEO, Community Technology Foundation of California.
Vivian Pinn, MD
1989-1990African American woman President of National Medical Association.
1991First female and first African American woman Director of the Office of Research on Women's Health at the National Institutes of Health.
Antonio Novello, MD
1990-1993First female and first Latina appointed Surgeon General of the United States.
2001Latina, Commissioner of New York State Department of Health.
Marilyn Gaston, MD
1990-2002First female and first African American woman Director of Bureau of Primary Health Care, HRSA, HHS.
1990Native American, Executive Director, Department of Public Health Gila River Indian Community, AR.
Margaret Hamberg, MD
1991-1997First African American woman and the youngest individual to assume the position of Commissioner of New York City.
1997-1999African American, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, DHHS.
2002African American, Vice President of Biological Programs @ The Nuclear Threat Initiative.
Gloria Smith, RN
1991-2002African American woman, Senior Vice President, Kellogg Foundation.
Juliann Bluitt, DDS
1991-93First female and first African American elected president of the Chicago Dental Society and to the American College of Dentists.
Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, MD, MBA
1992-94First African American woman appointed deputy administrator of the federal Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (now the Agency for Health Care Quality).
2002First African American woman appointed President of Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Dr. Barbara Ross-Lee
1993First African American woman to head a United States osteopathic medical school (Ohio University medical school).
2002First African American woman Dean of the New York College of Osteopathic Medicine of New York Institute of Technology (NYCOM).
1993First African American woman appointed Director, Memphis & Shelby County Health Department, Memphis, TN.
Saskia Estupiñán-Day, DDS
1993Latina, Regional Advisor for Oral Health for the World Health Organization/Pan American Health Organization.
Estelle Richman, MA
1993-2000African American woman, former Commissioner, Department of Health, Philadelphia, PA.
Helen Rodriguez-Trias, MD
1993-2001First Latina to be founder and co-director of Pacific Institute of Women's Health.
1994-95Latina, President of American Public Health Association.
Joycelyn Elders, MD
1993-94First African American woman appointed as U.S. Surgeon General.
Sandra B. Nichols, MD, MS
1994-1998First African American woman director of Arkansas Department of Health.
Nelba Chavez, PhD
1994-2000First Administrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and first Latina to head a public health agency in the history of DHHS.
Stephanie Bailey, MD
1995First African American woman appointed Director of Health, Metropolitan Government of Nashville.
1999-2001First African American woman elected as President of National Association of City and County Health Officials ( NACCHO).
Yvonne Maddox, MD
1995First African American woman to be appointed Deputy Director, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH.
2000First African American woman appointed Acting Deputy Director and Director at National Institutes of Health.
Helene Gayle, MD, MPH
1995-2001First female and first African American Director, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control.
2001African American, Senior Advisor in HIV/AIDS, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
1995-2002African American woman appointed Health Director, Health Department of New Orleans
Donna Christian-Christensen, MD
1996First woman physician and first African American woman physician in the U.S. Congress.
Betty Smith Williams, DrPH, RN
1996-1999African American, President of the National Black Nurses Association.
1999First President and First African women President of the National Coalition of Ethnic Minority Nurse Association.
Karen Scott Collins, MD, MPH
1996-2002First African American woman appointed Vice President of The Commonwealth Fund.
1997First Latina Chief Executive Officer of San Francisco Foundation.
1998Latina, President and CEO of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute (CHCI).
1998First Asian American woman appointed Deputy Director, Office of Minority Health, DHHS.
Elena Rios, MD
1998First Latina President and founder of National Hispanic Medical Association as well CEO of Hispanic-Serving Health Professions Schools, Inc.
Jai Lee Wong
1998First Asian American woman serving as Senior Program Officer at The California Endowment.
Ulder Jane Tillman, MD, MPH
1998-2002African American woman appointed Director of Delaware Division of Public Health.
Hilda Richards, EDN, RN
1999African American, Current president of the National Black Nurses Association.
Marsha Lillie-Blanton, PhD
1999First African American woman appointed Vice President in Health Policy, The Kaiser Henry Family Foundation.
Yvonne T. Green, RN, MSW
1999First African American woman appointed Director, Office of Women's Health, Centers of Disease Control and Prevention.
Yvette Roubideaux, MD, MPH
1999-2000Native American, President of Association of American Indian Physicians.
Diana Bonta, RN, DrPH
1999-2002First Latina appointed Director of California Department of Health Services.
Melvian McCabe, MD
2000-2001Native American, President of Association of American Indian Physicians.
Mary Lou deLeon Siantz, PhD
2000-2002Latina, President of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses.
2000Latina, Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Research, School of Nursing and Health Studies, Georgetown University
Maxine Hayes, MD, MPH
2000African American woman, State Health Officer, Washington State Department of Health.
Lucille C. Norville Perez, MD
2001-2002African American woman, President of National Medical Association.
Marsha Butler, DDS
2002First African American woman dentist serving as Worldwide Director, Global Professional Marketing and External Relations, Colgate-Palmolive Company- one of the nation's largest corporations.
2002First Latina appointed Vice President of Program, The California Endowment.
Dr. L. Natalie Caroll
2002African American woman, Current President of National Medical Association.
Michelle Leverett, MD
2002Health Officer, Baltimore County Department of Health, M.D.
Joan Y. Reede, MD, MPH, MS
2002First female and first African American Dean for Diversity and Community Partnership, Harvard Medical School.
Ho Tran, MD, MPH
2002Asian American woman appointed President and CEO, Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum.
Nilda Peragallo, RN, DrPH, FAAN
2002Current President of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses.
Marcelle Willock, MD
2002First African American woman appointed Dean, College of Medicine, Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science.
Roselyn Payne Epps, MD, MPH, MA, FAAP
2002First African American woman to serve as President of American Medical Women's Associaiton